Evolution of the Getariako Txakolina Denomination of Origin

In the 14th century, in the first Ordinances of the Province drawn up after the General Assembly of the Brotherhood of Gipuzkoa, we can find a mention of vine cultivation, threatening “anyone who destroys vineyards with the death penalty”. Everything suggests that the coast of Gipuzkoa was dominated by large vineyards that could also be seen in inland areas albeit in smaller quantities.

In the 19th century, the txakoli-growing area of Gipuzkoa extended from the Oria estuary. The txakoli vineyards were spread over Zarautz, Getaria, Zumaia, Deba, and Mutriku, with an approximate production of some 400,000 litres of txakoli and 250 hectares of vineyards.

At the end of the 20th century, a process of revitalisation of txakoli vineyards began, culminating in the recognition of the Getariako Txakolina designation of origin in 1989. At that time, some52 hectares of vineyards remained in the coastal area, divided between Zarautz, Aia, and Getaria. In 1990, the first vintage with the Getariako Txakolina D.O. seal was presented.

In 2007, the Getariako Txakolina Denomination of Origin was extended to the entire historical territory of Gipuzkoa At present, the Hondarrabi vineyards cover 327 hectares that produce txakoli for 18 Getariako Txakolina wineries.

From then until the 2021 harvest, 18 more wineries have joined the designation of origin. As a result, there are 36 wineries that produce Getariako Txakolina, from 443 hectares of vineyards.

From its headquarters in Getaria, the Regulatory Council of the Designation of Origin ensures that the origin of the native grapes, Hondarrabi Zuri and Hondarrabi Beltza, and their careful production and quality control, are combined to offer the consumer the guarantee of Getariako Txakolina.

Txakoli with the Getariako Txakolina D.O is distinguished by the numbered seal that is placed on the top of the bottle above the capsule.

Evolution of Hectares of Vineyards / Wineries

The area with Hondarrabi Zuri and Hondarrabi Beltza vines, the autochthonous variety used to make our traditional Txakoli de Getaria, covers 443 hectares in total. They are distributed throughout the territory of Gipuzkoa, between Getaria (45%), Aia (15%), Zarautz (12%), Zumaia (4.5%), Oñati (3.5%), and Hondarribi (3.5%).

The rest of the territories account for the remaining 16.5%, which is divided between: Aizarnazabal, Alkiza, Arrasate, Azpeitia, Beizama, Deba, Donostia, Hernialde, Mutriku, Oiartzun, Olaberria, Orio, Urnieta, Usurbil, Villabona, Zerain, and Zestoa.

Productions

Harvest year Total liters Litres of white Litres of rosé Litres of red Late harvest
2010 1.740.676 1.732.872 6.104 700 1.000
2011 2.284.030 2.251.930 31.400 700 0
2012 2.268.710 2.188.798 74.527 3.385 2.000
2013 1.031.333 972.918 48.650 9.765 0
2014 2.433.695 2.323.075 97.000 10.650 2.970
2015 2.563.519 2.423.427 136.610 3.482 0
2016 2.914.854 2.722.324 191.030 1.500 0
2017 2.582.446 2.389.513 192.301 632 2.000
2018 2.354.536 2.122.673 220.638 11.225 0
2019 2.337.326 2.089.120 236.256 11.950 0
2020 3.002.298 2.729.234 256.178 12.486 4.400
2021 2.699.344 2.461.866 230.638 6.540 300

Marketing

The main market for Getaria txakoli is Gipuzkoa and the Basque Country, accounting for 70% of the total. 10% of production is mainly concentrated in Madrid and Barcelona and the remaining 20% is exported.

Evolution of exports in the last 15 years

As far as export data is concerned, 20% of Getaria Txakoli is exported to foreign markets. The USA stands out with 60%, France with 7%, the United Kingdom and Norway with 5% each, Japan with 4.5%, and Sweden with 4% of total exports. The remaining 14.5% is sold in other international markets.

“Txakoli with the Getariako Txakolina designation of origin, due to its quality and authenticity, is positioning itself in the international market as a special product, in the gourmet category”.

Total exports by country

Total exports

Regulatory Board of the Designation of Origin of GETARIAKO TXAKOLIN

Parque Aldamar, 4 bajo.
20808 Getaria, Gipuzkoa. (País Vasco)
Tel.: 943 14 03 83
Fax: 943 89 60 30